World War I
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918
Armistice with Germany
(4 years, 3 months and 1 week)
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World War I (WWI or WW1 or World War One), also known
as the First World War, was a global war centered in Europe
that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
More than 9 million combatants were killed, a casualty rate
exacerbated by the belligerents' technological and industrial
sophistication, and tactical stalemate.
It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history,
paving the way for major political changes,
including revolutions in many of the nation involved.
The war drew in all the world's economic great powers,
which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies
(based on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom,
France and the Russian Empire) and the Central Powers
of Germany and Austria-Hungary.
Although Italy had also been a member of the Triple Alliance
alongside Germany and Austria-Hungary,
it did not join the Central Powers, as Austria-Hungary
had taken the offensive against the terms of the alliance.
These alliances were reorganized and expanded as more nations
entered the war: Italy, Japan and the United States
joined the Allies, and the Ottoman Empire
and Bulgaria the Central Powers. Ultimately, more than
70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans,
were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history.
'POPE FRANCIS SPEAKS ON 100TH WORLD WAR I ANNIVERSARY!
Pope Francis begs for end of wars on eve of 100th Anniversary
of start of World War I
During his weekly remarks, Francis cited the conflict between Israel and Palestine,
and the increasing violence in Ukraine and Iraq. 'I am thinking above all of children,
who are deprived of the hope of a worthwhile life,
of a future. Dead children, injured children, mutilated children, orphaned children,
children whose toys are things left over from war, children who can't smile any more,' he said.
Pope Francis delivers a speech from the window of his apartment during his Sunday Angelus prayer in St. Peter's Square
at the Vatican.
"Everything is lost with war."
As violence continued to erupt around the world, Pope Francis begged humanity on Sunday to "not repeat mistakes of the past" - one day before the 100th Anniversary
of the start of World War I.
During his weekly remarks from St. Peter's Square, Francis
cited the conflict
between Israel and Palestine, and the increasing violence in Ukraine and Iraq.
He begged for the world to avoid the carnage that took place a century before,
which then-Pope Benedict XV called a "useless massacre."
"Brothers and sisters, never war, never war!" Pope Francis pleaded on Sunday.
"I am thinking above all of children, who are deprived of the hope of a worthwhile life,
of a future. Dead children, injured children,
mutilated children, orphaned children,
children whose toys are things left over from war, children who can't smile any more."
The bloody fight in the Middle East shows no sign of abating, with Israeli jets
striking at Gaza on Monday after a rocket was fired at Israel.
More than 1,000 Palestinians have been killed, in addition
to 43 Israeli soldiers and three civilians.
In Ukraine, the bloody clashes continue around the wreckage of the Malaysian Airlines flight that was shot down earlier this month. More than 1,000 people have been killed in the country since mid-April, the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights said Monday. More than 3,000 people have been wounded and at least 100,000 people had to leave their homes,
according to the report.
There was more violence in Iraq this weekend, with officials saying Monday that 14 bullet-ridden bodies
were found around Baghdad. The victims,
all men between 25 and 40, had been shot in the head.